Using Ago / Later + Last / Next in English

Teacher: Robin    Runtime: 7:44     Series: Beginner 2      icon-heart Donate     

This time expressions video will teach you how to express ago / later / last / next in English.  These are very useful time expressions, but can be confusing to learn. Do your best!
이 시간 표현관련 동영상은 ago / later / last / next 등을 어떻게 사용하지 가르쳐 줍니다. 이 표현들은 아주 유용한 시간적 표현이지만 배우기에 혼란스러울 수도 있습니다. 최선을 다하세요.
[Part 1]

Hello, everyone.

Welcome to this ‘time expressions’ video.

In this video, we’re going to talk about how to use ‘ago’, ‘late’, ‘next’ and ‘last’.

Ok, these are very useful expressions to use when talking about time.

But, first.

Let’s review our vocabulary.

And this is the vocabulary we need to know for this video.

Ahhh…’second’.

And I have “one second.”

Ok, “One second.

We could also…instead of “one second”, we could say, “a second”.

So, ‘one’ and ‘a’, mean the same.

Just one second.

Ok…

“One minute.”

“A minute.”

Ok…how many seconds in one minute?

Well, sixty seconds in one minute.

And the next is ‘hour’.

Now ‘hour’ is special because we’re going to use ‘an’.

Ok…

Because ‘hour’ starts with a vowel sound.

Ok…

“An hour.”

Ok, we always use ‘an’ with ‘hour’.

And of course, there’s sixty minutes in one hour.

“An hour.”

Next is “a day”.

“A day.”

“One day.”

Of course…how many hours in a day?

Twenty-four hours.

“A week.”

How many days in a week?

Seven days in a week.

“One week.”

“One month.”

“A month.”

Ok…

And the last one.

“One year.”

“A year.”

Ok, so that’s the vocabulary.

I hope you understand.

Uhh…before we move on, I’m goign to change this.

Ok, this is one.

But now, let’s put…let’s put two.

Now everything changes.

“Two second?”

No, we have to plural it.

“Two seconds.”

“Two minute?”

“Two minutes.”

“Two hour?”

No.

“Two hours.”

“Two day?”

“Two days.”

“Two week?”

“Two weeks.”

“Two months.”

“Two years.”

“Seconds. Minutes. Hours. Days. Weeks. Months. Years.”

So, if you’re using ‘two’, ‘three’, ‘four’..every number, except one.

Ok…

Make sure you use the plural.

Alright, let’s move on.

2:34 [Part 2]

Ok, now we know the vocabulary let’s get into the first two expressions.

‘Ago’ and ‘later’.

Very easy to use.

‘Ago’ is talking about the past; before.

And ‘later’ is talking about the future; after.

Ok…

So, I have a question here.

“When did you call me?”

Ok, “When ‘did’ you call me?”

Ok, this is talking about the past.

So, someone asks, “When did you call me?”

Ok…

wo…you just put the vocabulary here.

“One second ago.”

Ok, that’s very soon.

That’s too soon.

“When did you call me?”

“One second ago.”

That’s too soon.

“One minute ago.”

That’s possible.

“One hour ago.”

“One day ago.”

“One week ago.”

“One month ago.”

“One year ago.”

You can use any of these here.

Ok…

So, remember, if you said “five”.

For example, ‘five’.

“When did you call me?”

“Five…minutes ago.”

“Five minutes ago.”

Ok, remember we have this ‘s’ because it’s now ‘five’.

“Five minutes ago.”

Alright, so, we’re going to use ‘ago’ because it’s a past question.

“When did you call me?”

“Five minutes ago.”

“When did you come home?”

“One hour ago.”

Alright…

Let’s change the qu…question.

Let’s change it here.

To the future.

“When will you call me?”

Ok, in the future.

“When will you call me?”

Let’s talk…let’s use the future expression.

Ahh… “One second later.”

Well, that’s too soon.

‘Second’ is a very short time.

Ok, “When will you call me?”

“One minute later.”

“One hour later.”

“One day later.”

“One week later.”

“One month later.”

“One year later.”

Very long time, ok…

And, also remember…

If we’re going to use a plural, ‘five’, ‘six’, ‘seven’, ‘eight’, we need the ‘s’.

“When will you call me?”

“Five hours later.”

Alright…

So, ‘ago’ and ‘later’ very useful expressions to use for talking about the past and the future.

Let’s move on to the next two expressions.

4:53 [Part 2]

Ok, so, we’re going to look at these two.

‘Last’ and ‘next’.

Also, very useful time expressions.

Now, I changed the question a little bit.

Ok, so, past tense, “When did you get married?”

And for the future.

“When will you get married?”

Let’s take a look.

“When did you get married?”

“Last second?”

No.

We can’t use ‘second’ with this expression.

“Next second?”

No.

“Last minute?”

No.

We can’t use ‘minute’ and actually, we can’t use ‘hour’ and we can’t use ‘day’.

We can only use these expression.

Ok…

So, for these ones, you want to use ‘ago’ and ‘later’ only.

Now these ones, you can use ‘ago’ and ‘later’ and ‘last’ and ‘next’.

Ok…

So, again, you can’t use these with ‘last’ and ‘next’.

So, let’s take a look.

“When did you get married?”

“Last week.”

“Last month.”

“Last year.”

Very easy.

“When will you get married?”

“Next week.”

“Next month.”

“Next year.”

Ok…

That’s how you use ‘last’ and ‘next’.

Very easy.

Let’s take a look at some examples.

6:17 [Part 4 – Example Sentences]

Alright, let’s look at some example sentences.

Listen carefully.

“Two weeks ago, I met a girl.”
“Two weeks ago, I met a girl.”

“Last week, we went on a date.”
“Last week, we went on a date.”

“Ten minutes ago, I asked her to marry me.”
“Ten minutes ago, I asked her to marry me.”

“Two hours later, we will go home.”
“Two hours later, we will go home.”

“Next week, we will meet her parents.”
“Next week, we will meet her parents.”

“Two months later, we will get married.”
“Two months later, we will get married.”

7:14 [Part 5]

Ok, I hope you have a good understanding of how to use the time expressions
‘ago’ and ‘later’ and ‘last’ and ‘next’.

They’re very useful to quickly express time.

Alright…

So, you should study those.

Self-study.

I know you can learn them.

I know you can use them.

So, uhh… I hope this video helped you.

See you next time.

[END]

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