How to Express English Past / Present / Future

Teacher: Robin    Runtime: 7:05     Series: Beginner 2      icon-heart Donate     

This time expressions video will teach you how to express the past, present and future in English.  These are not all the expressions you can use, but good ones to know.
이 시간 표현관련 동영상은 과거, 현재 그리고 미래를 영어로 어떻게 표현하는지 가르쳐줍니다. 여러분이 모두 사용할 수 있는 표현들은 아니지만 알고 있으면 좋은 표현들입니다.
[Part 1]

Hello, everyone.

Welcome to this ‘time expressions’ video.

In this video, we’re going to talk about ‘time expressions’ for the ‘past’, ‘present’ and ‘future’.

Now in the previous video, the before video, we already studied ‘ago’, ‘later’..uhh…’last’ and ‘next’.

Those ones are common.

And here are a few more.

Ok…

Now, there’s a lot of time expressions and I can’t teach them all, but I try to choose the most common.

Alright, so let’s take a look.

The first is the ‘past’.

Things that happened before.

And the first one, very common, “Last night”.

Very easy to use.

“Last night, I ate pizza.”

“Last night, I drank a beer.”

“Last night, I went to bed early.”

Alright, so very easy to use to talk about yesterday night.

Now, the next three:

“In the past”, “A long time ago,” and “Long ago.”

Ok, these are things that happened before, but a very long time has passed.

So, for example.

“In the past, Korea had a war.”

Ok…

So, that was long ago.

“A long time ago was the Chosun Dynasty.”

Ok, “Long ago was the Chosun Dynasty.”

All of these are good expressions to talk about something long ago.

Ok, let’s move on to the ‘present’.

“Now. Right now.”

“Right now, I’m teaching in this video.”

Also, we could use this one.

“As we speak.”

“As we speak” means the same as “Now”.

“As we speak, I am teaching this video.”

“Nowadays,” “These days,” “Recently.”

All of these mean the same thing.

So something has happen around this time.

Now, be careful with “Nowadays”.

“Nowadays” is one word.

A lot of my students say “Now days”.

“Now days” is wrong.

Don’t say “Now days”.

You have to say, “Nowa…” , there’s an ‘a’ there, “Nowadays”.

“Nowadays.”

“These days.”

“Recently.”

So, “Nowadays, the weather is very hot.”

Or…

“These days, the economy is bad.”

Alright…

So all of theme…very similar.

Alright, let’s go to the ‘future’.

“Soon.”

A lot of my students like to say, “coming soon”.

“Coming soon.”

Now, we usually use “coming soon” for movies that are coming soon.

But, just when we’re talking with our friends…ahh…we don’t usually say, “coming soon”.

We say, “soon”.

“My friend is coming soon.”

That’s ok.

But, “I’m getting married, soon.”

Or…”I’m going to eat dinner, soon.”

Ok…

I’m going to use it like that.

Don’t use “coming soon” too much.

“Tonight.”

“Tonight…I’m going to have a good dinner.”

“Tonight, I’m going to go to bed early.”

“Tomorrow night.”

Ok, “Tomorrow night, I have to meet my friends.”

“Tomorrow night, I’m going to exercise.”

Alright…

And the last two.

“In the future,” “Far in the future.”

Alright…

So, we’re talking about a long time.

So, “In the future.”…I don’t know when, “In the future, I will get married.”

“Far in the future.”

“Far in the future, maybe twenty years, later, I will retire.”

I will quit my job.

Alright…

So, I’m sorry I had to go a little bit quick through these expressions.

These are good ‘time expressions’ to express the ‘past’, ‘present’, and ‘future’.

Let’s take a look at a few examples right now.

4:02 [Part 2]

Ok, I wrote three sentneces here to help you understand how to use the ‘time expressions’ ‘past’, ‘present’, and ‘future’.

Let’s take a look at the first one.

“In the past, …”

Ok…

We should try and always use our ‘time expression’ at the beginning of the sentence.

So, “In the past.”

That’s my ‘time expression’

After our ‘time expression’, we should use a ‘comma’.

“In the past,” comma.

So, “In the past, Korea was poor.”

“In the past, Korea was poor.”

Alright…

The economy was not good.

Let’s look at the next sentence.

“Nowadays,…” comma.

So, “Nowadays… these days… recently, Korea is developing.”

Ok, “Nowadays, Korea is developing.”

Again, I have a ‘comma’.

And let’s go to the future.

“In the future, Korea will be rich.”

“In the future, Korea will be in….will be rich.”

“In the future?”

“Far in the future?”

“Soon, maybe soon…”

“Soon, Korea will be rich.”

Ok…

So, again, use the ‘time expressions’ in the beginning… followed by a comma there.

Ok…

So, let’s look at some more examples.

5:31 [Part 3 – Example Sentences]

Example one.

“Last night, I had a job interview.”
“Today, I got a phone call. I was hired.”
“Tonight, I will celebrate at a good restaurant.”

Ok, example number two.

“In the past, children were very polite.”
“Nowadays, children are rude.”
“In the future, I hope children are polite again.”

Alright, next example.

“Recently, I have been sick.
“As we speak, my stomach hurts.”
“Soon, I may need to go to the hospital.”

Alright, the last example.

“A long time ago, I got married.”
“These days, I have two teenage boys.”
“Far in the future, I will have grandchildren.”

6:34 [Part 4]

Ok, so those were some good examples of how to use the ‘time expressions’ of ‘past’, ‘present’ and ‘future’.

Now, as I taught you, you try and use the ‘time expressions’ at the beginning of the sentence.

But, in some cases, it is ok to use them at the end.

Alright, that’s…that’s not a bad thing.

Anyway, I hope you understand.

I know there’s a lot ot learn in this video.

I hope to see you again, soon.

[END]

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