Singular / Plural Nouns

Teacher: Esther    Runtime: 9:22     Series: Beginner 1      icon-heart Donate     

This video focuses on plural words.  In most cases, to plural words, you need to add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to the end of the word.  This is a great video to help you understand plural words.
이 동영상은 복수 단어에 중점을 두고 있습니다. 대부분의 경우, 복수 단어들 끝에 ‘s’ 혹은 ‘es’를 붙입니다. 이 동영상은 여러분이 복수 단어들을 잘 이해할 수 있도록 도와줍니다.
[Part 1]

Hi, everybody and welcome to this video.

Now, in this lesson I’m going to talk about singular and plural nouns.

Ok…

Singular means one.

And plural means more than one or many.

Ok…

So let’s look at the board.

This part is showing singular nouns.

Ok, remember, singluar means one. Ok…

So when the noun is singular, we put ‘a’ or ‘an’.

So let’s look.

“a ring”.

That means one ring.

“a ring”.

“a dog”.

Again, one dog.

“a dog”.

“a teacher”.

One teacher.

“a teacher”.

“an apple”.

“an apple”.

One apple.

“an egg”.

“an egg”.

One egg.

So again, one….noun is singular.

Ok…

Now over here, we have plural nouns.

Plural means more than one.

Two, three, four, and so on.

So, many.

Ok…

So, when we have a plural noun we have to, don’t forget, we have to put ‘s’ or ‘es’.

Again, if there’s more than one, if the noun is plural, you have to put ‘s’ or ‘es’.

Now the nouns here, you just have to add an ‘s’.

Ok, and we’re going to go through them right now.

“two rings”.

Ok, we had one ring.

“a ring”.

Now we have “two rings.”

With an ‘s’.

Ok…

We had “a dog”.

The plural is “three dogs”.

Again, ‘s’.

“three dogs”.

“a teacher”.

One teacher.

“four teachers”.

“four teachers”.

Don’t forget the ‘s’.

Ok, you must not forget that.

“an apple”.

That’s one apple.

Then we have plural.

“five apples”.

“five apples”.

Ok…

And the last one.

“an egg”.

One egg.

“six eggs”.

Don’t forget ‘s’.

“six eggs”. Ok…

I really need you to remember that.

“two rings”.

“three dogs”.

“four teachers”.

“five apples”.

and “six eggs”.

Ok, let’s move on to the next part.

2:46 [Part 2]

Ok, now we have some more nouns.

These nouns are a little bit different.

Uhhh, when they’re singular it’s the same.

You put ‘a’ or ‘an’ in front.

But when you want to make them plural, you have to add ‘es’.

Remember, I said, you can add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to make a noun plural…more than one.

So again, these nouns you have to add ‘es’.

So let’s go through them one more time.

Ok…

So we have “a bus”.

“a bus”.

Again, that means one bus.

“a box”.

“a box”.

“a watch”.

“a watch”.

Ok, one.

“a kiss”.

“a kiss”.

And “an ax”.

“an ax”.

One.

“an ax”.

Ok…

Now, we’re going to move on to the plural.

Remember, again, to make the plural, or more than one, here, we add ‘es’.

Ok…

“a bus”.

One.

“two buses”.

“two buses”.

“a box”.

“three boxes”.
.
“three boxes”

“a watch”.

“four watches”.

‘es’ right.

“four watches”.

“a kiss”.

One.

“five kisses”.

“five kisses”.

Add the ‘es’.

And the last one.

“an ax”.

“an ax”.

Ok, we have “six axes”.

“six axes”.

Don’t forget.

We have to put ‘es’ to make these nouns plural.

Ok, let’s move on to the next part.

4:34 [Part 3]

So, how do we know if we should put ‘s’ or ‘es’ to make the noun plural?

Well, for most nouns, you just have to put ‘s’.

Ok, for most of them.

But, for some, you have to put ‘es’.

And how do we know?

Well… let’s look at the board.

We have some nouns.

The first one is “church”. Ok…

“Church” ends in ‘ch’.

So if the noun ends in ‘ch’, you have to put ‘es’.

Ok…

So it becomes “churches”.

So again, if the noun ends in ‘ch’, add ‘es’ at the end to make it plural.

The same goes for the next word “brush”.

You’ll notice “brush” ends in ‘sh’.

Ok…

So if it ends in ‘sh’, same thing, we add ‘es’ at the end to make it plural.

Ok…

The next word is fox.

We have the letter ‘x’ at the end.

Ok…

All nouns that end in ‘x’, we have to put ‘es’ to make it plural.

Ok, so, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’.

If the noun ends ends with these, put ‘es’.

And the last one is “dress”.

Ok, we have ‘ss’ at the end.

Same thing.

Put ‘es’ at the end to make it plural.

Ok…

“Dresses”.

Again, if it ends in ‘ss’ put ‘es’.

Ok, so please, don’t forget ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘x’, ‘ss’, we must put ‘es’ at the end.

Most of the other nouns we just add ‘s’.

Ok…

Now we have some special nouns on this side.

“Potato, tomato, volcano”.

Now, most nouns that end in ‘o’, like “photo”,..all we have to do is add an ‘s’ to make it plural.

“Photos”.

Ok…

But these are special because we actually have to put ‘es’ at the end… to make them…plural.

Ok…

So we have “potatoes, tomatoes, volcanoes”.

Again, these are a little bit special.

For most nouns that end in ‘o’, we just add ‘s’.

Ok, and, uhhh, let’s go to the final part.

7:11 [Part 3]

Ok, let’s do some extra practice.

On the board, I have some nouns.

Some are singular and some are plural.

We have to decide together if we should put ‘s’ or ‘es’ or make them singular.

Ok…

So you have to listen carefully and remember what we learned in this video.

Ok…

“Two books”.

Right, this is plural.

There are two.

“Two books”.

We have to put an ‘s’.

“Two books”.

Ok…

The next one.

“Three class”.

Hmmmm.

“Class” ends with an ‘s’.

So what do we put?

“Three classes”.

“Three classes”.

Ok…

So again the plural is “three classes”.

Ok…

“A lion”.

“A lion”.

Do we have to put anything?

No.

No ‘s’ or ‘es’ because this is singular.

There’s just one lion.

“A lion”.

“Six hats”.

“Six hats”.

We have to put an ‘s’.

“Six hats”.

Ok…

The next noun is “seven match”.

What do we out?

Well, we have a ‘ch’.

So we have to put “matches”.

“Seven matches”.

“Seven matches”.

Ok…

And the last one is “one bat”.

“One bat”.

We do not put an ‘s’ or ‘es’ because again, it’s just one.

We don’t have to put anything after ‘bat’.

Ok, this is singular.

Ok, so, in this video, we learned how to make a noun singular. Ok…

And how to make a noun plural.

Remember, singular means one.

Plural means more than one.

And remember, don’t forget, we have to put ‘s’ or ‘es’.

Ok…

And thanks for joining.

That’s the end of this video.

Bye.

[END]

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