This / That

Teacher: Esther    Runtime: 3:52     Series: Beginner 1      icon-heart Donate     

This video will teach the English demonstratives ‘this’ and ‘that’. There are four demonstratives you can use in English: the “near” or “close” demonstratives this and these, and the “far” demonstratives that and those.  Our videos #12 – #14 are excellent lessons and practice.
이 동영상은 지시대명사 ‘this’ 와 ‘that’에 대하여 가르쳐 줍니다. 여러분들이 영어로 사용할 수 있는 지시대명사는 네 가지가 있습니다: 가까운 것을 나타내는 지시대명사 this 와 these, 그리고 먼 것을 나타내는 지시대명사 that 과  those. 동영상 #12-14는 훌륭한 학습 및 연습 과정입니다.   
[Part 1]

Hi, everybody, and welcome.

In this video, we’re going to talk about ‘this’ and ‘that’.

Now ‘this’ and ‘that’ are used to talk about nouns that are close to us, near or far away.

Ok…

So let’s look at the board.

“This is a flower.”

Ok, we use ‘this’ to talk about one noun, “a flower”, that is close.

Ok…

“This is a flower.”

It’s not far.

It’s close.

“That is a flower.”

Ok, we use ‘that’ to talk about one noun that’s far away.

So, “That….that is a flower”.

Ok…

For another example…

“This is a marker.”

It’s close to me.

But, “That….that is a marker”.

It’s far away.

Ok, let’s move on to the next part.

1:13 [Part 2]

Ok, so we know…

“This is a flower.”

Ok…

And “That is a flower….that”.

Now, “Is this a flower”?

“What is it?”

“It’s a chair.”

So we have to use the negative.

“This isn’t a flower.”

It’s close by, but it isn’t a flower.

‘isn’t’ is a contraction for ‘is not’.

Ok…

“This isn’t a flower.”

“This is a chair.”

“That isn’t a flower.”

It’s far away, so we say “that”.

Again, we have ‘isn’t’, ‘a flower’.

“That’s a chair.”

And let’s take another example.

“This isn’t a pencil.”

“This is a marker.”

And…

“That isn’t a pencil.”

“That is a marker.”

Ok, let’s move on to the next part.

2:19 [Part 3]

Ok, now we’re going to learn how to use ‘this’ and ‘that’ in a question.

Ok…

So we know “This is a flower”.

When we make a question, we have to switch.

We put the ‘be’ verb first.

So it becomes, “Is this a flower?”.

Ok, it’s close by.

So the answer is, “Yes, it is”.

Ok…

“Is that a flower?”

It’s far away.

The answer is, “Yes, it is”.

Ok, but how about this?

“This isn’t a flower.”

“Is this a flower?”.

The answer is “No, it isn’t”.

“Is that a flower?”

“No, it isn’t.”

Ok, here.

“Is this a marker?”.

“Yes, it is.”

“Is that a marker?”.

“Yes, it is.”

“Is this a pencil?”.

“No, it isn’t.”

“Is that a pencil?”.

“No, it isn’t.”

Ok, so we learned ‘this’ and ‘that’ in this video.

I hope you guys understand and I’ll see you in the next video.

Bye.

[END]

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